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Mathematics is one of the core subjects and is taught explicitly every day from Reception to Year 6. Mathematics is a key skill which our children will use all their lives. Here at Finchingfield CE VC Primary School, we aim to deliver a high-quality Mathematics curriculum that provides a foundation for understanding the world, an appreciation of the beauty and power of Mathematics and a sense of enjoyment about the subject. We place great emphasis on deepening conceptual understanding and mastery of number, application of skills, problem-solving and practical tasks, coupled with learning and memorising key number facts, such as multiplication and division tables, as soon as possible. Mathematical concepts are further enhanced by using and applying these skills across other areas of the curriculum.

Our Vision for Mathematics 

  • Every child will be fluent in the fundamentals of Mathematics
  • Every child will be a problem-solver
  • Every child will become a lover of Mathematics.

    The aims of our Mathematics curriculum are that:

  • All of our children acquire a deep and secure conceptual understanding of Number as the firm foundation for developing fluency.
  • All of our children develop a range of mental calculation strategies.
  • By the end of LKS2 they are secure with using a written method for all four rules of Number. They make reasonable and informed decisions when choosing the most efficient strategy/method when calculating.
  • All of our children can apply their knowledge and understanding in a range of contexts.
  • All of our children develop a problem-solving approach; building skills of resilience and perseverance and making links with the wider world.
  • All of our children can reason and draw upon a repertoire of mathematical vocabulary to support their arguments.
  • All of our children have equal access to rich mathematical learning experiences regardless of race, culture, gender, special educational needs or disability.
  • All of our children are stretched and challenged.
  • All of our children are passionate about Mathematics.

    How we teach Mathematics at Finchingfield CE VC Primary School:


    Mathematical development in the Early Years Foundation Stage provides children with learning opportunities in two specific areas:

  • Number: practising and improving their skills in counting numbers to twenty; adding and subtracting single digit numbers.
  • Shape, Space and Measures: recognising and creating patterns; comparing size and quantities to solve problems. 

Our children enjoy daily, discrete, whole class Mathematics lessons and these are supported by linked independent and guided group activities.  There is a strong emphasis on mathematical concepts being given a real life context and a practical application using concrete tools. Children enjoy learning through song and role-play.


In Years One and Two, our children follow the National Curriculum Mathematics Programmes of Study. Great emphasis is placed on practising and securing number facts to achieve mastery and form firm foundations on which to build fluency. Mathematical topics are slimmed down to allow for greater time and depth of learning. Children are encouraged to deepen conceptual understanding and apply problem-solving using concrete tools and pictorial approaches before the use of abstract models. Our children are also encouraged to develop their speaking and listening skills and acquire a rich diet of mathematical vocabulary with which to support reasoning.


In Years Three to Six children follow the National Curriculum Mathematics Programmes of Study. These are set out in six domains:


  • Number – including Number and Place Value, Addition and Subtraction, Multiplication and Division and Fractions including Decimals (Year 4, 5 & 6) and Percentages (Year 5 & 6)
  • Measurement
  • Ratio and Proportion (Year 6 only)
  • Algebra (Year 6 only)
  • Geometry – Properties of Shapes and Position and Direction
  • Statistics 

    As in KS1, our children enjoy daily, discrete mathematics lessons. Programmes of Study are usually each given a week long focus and this enables topics to be covered in depth, whilst allowing opportunities for our children to build upon and apply their skills and understanding. Our children are encouraged to communicate their findings clearly for an audience. Lessons begin with warm-up activities that are used to develop mental fluency in Number. Our children are expected to learn their multiplication and corresponding division facts to 12x12 and are tested on a regular basis. Problem-solving is actively promoted within each lesson for key groups of learners and frequent opportunities are provided for whole class participation in mathematical investigations. In addition to discrete lessons, our children also engage in additional mathematical learning opportunities across the curriculum, e.g. in Science when collecting data.